There are a wide range of mohair types available to meet anyone’s needs. All mohair is not alike. You want to use the right kind of mohair depending on the project you are working on or you may be disappointed with the results.
Mohair Color Choices
Grades of Mohair
§ Super kid under 23 microns
§ Kid 24-29 microns
§ Yearling 30-34 microns
§ Fine adult 35-39 microns
§ Adult 40+ microns
While fineness is typically dependent upon the age of the goat, this is not a determination only of the goat’s age; it is a grading of the quality of the mohair. The information below is assuming the animal shears exactly the quality of mohair shown by their age. It is not unusual for a good quality Angora goat to shear yearling quality mohair as a 2-3 year old or an 5 year old goat to produce fine adult quality hair.
It is ALSO possible for a 2nd clip kid to produce yearling mohair or a yearling to have coarse fiber that would only quality as adult. So, it’s the quality of the mohair that is being graded; not the age of the goat producing the mohair.
Take some classes and get your hands on lots of mohair to know how to grade the mohair you purchase
3. Fine Adult - This can be any shearing for an adult goat that still has fineness and softness. (2-3 years old)
PROS = This is an animal that breeders want to improve their herd! For those buying mohair, the seller may lump “yearling/fine adult” together and that is OK but if you pay the same, you should ask for the yearling or you may want to ask for samples.
CONS = There is a lot more adult out there than anything else. Since adult is generally less desirable, I suggest you know what you are getting.
4. Adult - Adult mohair is coarser and straighter mohair from a mature
PROS = Adult mohair is still strong, beautiful and should retain luster throughout the life of the goat. It is perfect for doll hair, Santa beards and blankets; items that are not worn next to the skin. My favorite for adult mohair is in weaving rugs and making halters and leads. Adult mohair is very reasonably priced. Don’t shy away from adult mohair just because it is adult.
CONS = Mohair gets coarser as the animal ages. It would not be suitable for baby clothes or other items that go next to the skin. Adult buck also can be pretty smelly to wash if you get the spring shearing.
CONDITION OF YOUR MOHAIR
Mohair can be in good or poor condition. Poor condition can be caused by many things including:
1) Poor nutrition
2) Heavy worm or lice load
3) Severe environment - harsh weather
4) Feed or pasture contamination
5) Weak or sick animal
A weak or sick animal produces a weak fragile fiber that will break when used. Some believe that underfeeding an Angora goat produces a finer fiber. An undernourished goat will produce much LESS fiber and it will loose its strength and luster. If a lock of mohair breaks when tugged from both ends, do not use it.
Angora goats need adequate nutrition. They need a sticker and seed free environment to keep the fleeces free of
It takes a lot of work and effort to produce a good fleece.
Do not take your farmer for granted!